Evacuation is the preferred method of emergency response when sufficient time exists and when evacuation doesn’t place people in harm’s way.
Evacuations may be conducted under non-emergency and emergency conditions.
Non-emergency evacuations will be required when the threat of a potentially dangerous situation or condition exists. The evacuation is conducted as a precautionary measure and the speed of the evacuation is not critical.
At Daytona State, staff, students and faculty will be advised by Campus Safety to evacuate a building or an area in a calm, clear tone of voice. Buildings will be evacuated from the bottom to the top floors. Staff and faculty will be advised of the nearest available exit doors and stairwells. Elevators will be for the exclusive use of disabled persons. Staff and faculty will remain with their class or group as it exits the building. Evacuees will be directed away from buildings (at least 300 hundred feet) to one of the parking lots, clear of any emergency vehicles, where they will await instructions from the Command Center. When the building or area has been evacuated, the Control Center will be advised. Campus Safety will monitor the building or area to prevent re-entry into the area.
An emergency evacuation is required when an imminent threat of danger exists. Speedy evacuation is required to remove the occupants from a dangerous situation. Occupants will be alerted by the sounding of the fire alarms. Staff and faculty will be responsible for an orderly evacuation. As occupants leave the buildings, they will receive directions from staff members.
During an emergency evacuation, the elevators may be operational. If so, they will be used exclusively for faculty and staff to provide special assistance for disabled persons. If elevators are not operational, faculty members have the initial responsibility for disabled persons in their charge. Hearing impaired students should be made aware of the situation and remain with the group as it exits the building.
The key to successful evacuation is to have a plan. Your home evacuation plan should include where you will go (choose several alternatives such as friends and relatives and motels), road maps, and your disaster supplies kit. FloridaDisaster.org http://www.floridadisaster.org/ is a good source of information for developing your emergency plan.
Some tips from FloridaDisaster.org for evacuating your home:
- Leave as early as possible
- Avoid going to shelters unless absolutely necessary
- Be prepared for delays, traffic, and to take alternate routes.
- Stay away from flood waters. If you see water on the road, turn around and go another way
- Bring bedding and clothing, including sleeping bags and pillows
- Bring your portable disaster supply kit, including your documents and medications.
At work or at school, have a plan for evacuating your building or area.
- Know if there are predetermined evacuation routes for your building. There are sometimes maps posted showing these routes, usually on walls near exits/entrances.
- Know where fire alarm pull stations are located. This is a good way to alert others of danger and initiate an evacuation.
- Employees should provide assistance to facilitate an orderly evacuation, without putting themselves in danger.
- Be prepared to provide any information to law enforcement and emergency services once you reach a safe area.
- Always be prepared to do a roll call to provide information on who may still be in a dangerous area. This means being aware of who is present and absent each day.
- Provide assistance for people with disabilities
- Every employee of the college should have a predetermined plan for assisting each disabled student and coworker in the building.
- During an evacuation, elevators are for the exclusive use of persons with disabilities.
- Notify emergency personnel of the location and needs of those with disabilities.
Sight impaired students, faculty and staff should be escorted out of the building by staff, faculty or student volunteers. If operational, they should be escorted down by elevator. The escorted person should exit by the nearest available stairwell, keeping to the right. The escort should be in front of the person with the person having one hand on the handrail and one hand on the escort’s shoulder. The escort should give instructions as needed in a calm, clear voice and remain with the person after exiting the building.
Hearing impaired persons. Persons with impaired hearing may not perceive emergency alarms and an alternative warning technique such as turning the light switch on and off may be necessary. Indicate through gestures or writing what is happening and what to do.
Wheelchair bound students, faculty and staff should be assisted by personnel. If operational, they should be escorted down by elevator. Otherwise, they should be moved to a safe area, such as a balcony, patio or stairwell landing. Members of the group exiting the building should note and report the location of the wheelchair person/persons to College personnel. A staff member with a two-way radio should be sent to the area as soon as possible. The Control Center should be advised via radio where the wheelchair person/persons are located. Wheelchairs may have parts not intended for lifting. Batteries or life support equipment may be connected. Lifting the person could be harmful. Ask the person how you can help. Ask what type of assistance he/she will need after evacuation. Moving a person up or down stairs should only be attempted for life safety. Trained emergency rescue personnel should be directed to the area as soon as possible.
Persons using crutches, canes or walkers. Ask if the person needs assistance to evacuate. Offer to guide him/her to the emergency exit. Move person up or down stairs only if necessary for life safety.
If you are disabled. Be aware of persons in your area who could assist you. If you cannot speak loudly, carry a whistle or other device to help you attract attention. Give clear instructions as to your needs and preferences.
EVAC Chairs – Emergency Evacuation Chairs are available for evacuating disabled persons from multi-storied buildings via the stairwell. The chairs are designed to evacuate persons that weigh less than 300 lbs. Campus Safety officers are trained to use the EVAC Chairs. To avoid serious injury, do not use the EVAC Chair unless you have received training. The chairs are stationed in the following locations:
Daytona Beach Campus Building 150, 4th Floor, Outside Room 400
Building 200, 4 th Floor, Next to West Stairway Room 429
Building 320 – 5 th Floor, Next to West Stairway Room 598
Campus Safety Vehicle
ATC Top of Atrium Stairway
Deltona Center Outside Campus Safety Office, Room 205
DeLand Campus Building 7 – Inside Campus Safety Office, Room 118
Shelter In Place
The term, Shelter In Place, means to seek immediate shelter and remain there during an emergency rather than evacuate the area. It is always preferred to evacuate. Shelter-In-Place should only be used when an evacuation is not safe. In place sheltering usually lasts no more than a few minutes to a few hours and preparations.
Shelter In Place, in some situations, is referred to as emergency lockdown. A crisis on any campus may require the College to implement emergency lockdown of specific areas of campus. Lockdown is a process during which individuals on campus receive instructions to immediately enter or remain inside a structure in an effort to protect themselves from possible looming danger. This action might be necessary when evacuation would not be appropriate. The following procedures have been developed to effectuate a campus lockdown.
Types of Events Triggering Lockdown
The types of events that could require lockdown include situations such as the following:
- Active Shooter / Mass Shooting
- Hostage Situation
- Riot / Large Uprising
- Other emergency situation where evacuation may pose greater risk than sheltering in place
When an announcement is made to initiate an emergency lockdown, the following steps should be followed:
- Evacuate the campus, if it is possible to do so safely.
- If unable to leave, direct the population to an area that can be secured.
- All doors into the area should be locked. If it is not possible to lock the doors, place furniture and equipment in front of them to barricade them. Some doors open out into corridors. In this situation, use whatever means possible to try to restrict entry to the room, including placing furniture and equipment in front of the door, or using a belt or other item to tie the door handle to something stable.
- Move people to the point in the room that is most distant from a door entering the room from the outside or from a corridor/hallway. Do not huddle, but spread out.
- Close blinds and drapes for concealment.
- Turn off lights. Put cell phones on vibrate, and if communication is needed, use text messaging only.
- Remain under lockdown until advised by Campus Safety, senior administration, or Law Enforcement Personnel that the crisis has been resolved.
- After the lockdown order has been lifted, faculty and staff should then attempt to restore normalcy and comfort/assist the room occupants.
Since severe weather emergencies, such as tornados, often occur quickly, leaving no time for evacuation, sheltering in place is a common response to these emergencies. The No. 1 rule for sheltering in place from severe wind to get as many walls between you and the outside world as possible so the debris in the wind cannot reach you. It is not the wind that kills and injures people; it is the debris in the wind. The acronym D.U.C.K. is used to outline guidelines for in-place sheltering from tornadoes and severe wind emergencies.
D own to the lowest level
To an interior part of the building. Interior hallways and stairwells are good. Get as many walls between your group and the outside of the building as possible. After you have done this, be prepared to account for everyone!
U nder something sturdy
Whenever possible. Under interiorly located concrete stairwells is recommended for individuals and small groups. As a group, focus mainly on getting to an interior location on the lowest level.
C over your head
Many people are injured by falling debris. Use whatever is available, blankets, pads, etc., or cup your hands over your head.
K eep in shelter
Until you are advised that the storm has passed.
Tornadoes are often preceded by a very severe thunderstorm, and then a period of calm before the tornado strikes.
(People tend to want to leave the shelter during this calm period.) Wait for Campus Safety or emergency services to advise you that the danger has passed.
In each building at Daytona State College, Campus Safety has selected the safest rooms in which to shelter in place should the need arise during an emergency. These rooms can be identified by the S.H.I.P sign located outside the door and should be your first choices. You can prepare by identifying the SH.I.P rooms in your building and letting others know where they are located.